Knowledge Resource - Research Articles
Without their permission, coal mines have sprung up all around Adivasi or Indigenous communities in Chhattisgarh state of India since the early 1990s, hurting their way of life, connection to their forests, and health. Local human rights advocate Savita Rath, a member of the GAGGA network, works closely with women in mining-affected villages to build their capacity, safeguard their natural resources, interact with the media, and refuse to allow mining on their property. Savita and local Adivasi women have led peaceful annual rallies encompassing hundreds of villages in Raigarh since 2008 to defend their lan
When women and girls have access to affordable, dependable energy, unpaid work is less demanding and time-consuming, allowing them to pursue chances for education, earning an income, volunteering, or pleasure. Furthermore, reputable studies have connected renewable energy availability to increased odds of girls finishing their elementary school, higher wages for women, and even a decline in gender-based violence. According to a World Bank paper, household electrification in rural India increased women's non-farm self-employment significantly, albeit somewhat, and had a beneficial impact on girls' school att
Jharkhand has India's largest coal reserves, with approximately 300,000 people directly dependent on mining for a living. As the debate over Just Transition takes centre stage, coal miners are concerned about pensions, healthcare, water, power, housing, and other amenities that may be jeopardised. Workers, unions, and coal sector experts believe that a planned energy transition could ensure justice for those who rely on coal mining directly or indirectly.
As the world's largest coal producer and consumer, China's transition from coal to cleaner energy sources is critical for achieving global decarbonization. Increasing regulations on air pollution and carbon emissions and decreasing costs of renewables drive China's transition away from coal; however, this transition also has implications for employment and social justice. Here, we assess China's current coal-transition policies, their barriers, and the potential for an accelerated transition, as well as the associated environmental, human health, and employment and social justice issues that may arise from the tr
The cost of wind, solar, and most recently battery storage has fallen dramatically over the last decade, providing the economic rationale for their widespread adoption to help mitigate climate change. This, coupled with the low cost of natural gas, has provided a key challenge in the power sector: how to economically and equitably decommission ∼2000 GW of installed coal capacity? Although a significant part of the existing coal capacity is older, inefficient, and unprofitable, there are complex technical, social and economic challenges that remain. This Comment provides a general framework for the key techn