Knowledge Resource

Ignored and invisible: The burden of mining on women

Mayank Aggarwal
While the loss of land and livelihood is a more frequently discussed effect of mining, local women also experience an invisible impact, including social structures being disrupted, the burden of earning additional income, long-term mental health issues, and a change from being independent cultivators to being dependent on others for survival. According to specialists and organisations active throughout India, incidences of sexual assault against women and human trafficking are increasing wherever mining operations are taking place. Women had job restrictions in the mining industry until recently. Contrary to assertions to the contrary, women cannot get employment in the mining industry.