Knowledge Resource - Reports
Bottom-up engagement and a coalition of various stakeholders, including policymakers, public representatives, administrators, industry, unions, and the local community, will be required for just transition planning. A top-down approach is unlikely to be successful. A transition of this magnitude will necessitate the cooperation of all levels of government—the federal, state, and local—in order to develop and implement Just Transition policies and plans, as well as mobilise financial resources.
When we speak of a just transition away from fossil fuels, we must challenge new industries to transition away from prevailing power structures and a sexually disaggregated labour force, as well as the role of women's unpaid care work, particularly in developing countries, and women's informal work, both of which subsidise our current economic systems and are financially unrecognised or undervalued. Gender Just Solutions are bottom-up initiatives that promote equal access to benefits, do not burden women, involve multiple benefits, and centre local decision making and the role of women within it.
This discussion paper seeks to define and frame just transition in the context of India. To that end, the paper examines some of the key definitions and conceptual frameworks of just transition, as well as policy frameworks developed by some of the major fossil fuel-dependent countries. Based on the review, and taking into account the socioeconomic and environmental complexities of India's fossil fuel regions, the employees, and the political economy backdrop, the paper proposes how a just transition can be defined, as well as an appropriate approach for framing it in a policy context, while also considerin
This report presents the case studies of three states Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Odisha with a background of legislations on coal, forest, and tribal rights. Coal India Limited, and its subsidiaries functioning is analyzed thoroughly to reflect ground reality, making the case for a just transition. International commitments are also highlighted, along with recommendations to make the most effective use of existing framework to resolve human rights violations linked to coal mining.
Coal transitions in India are likely to be a messy and complicated exercise. At a conservative estimate, more than 13 million people are employed in coal mining, transport, power, sponge iron, steel, and bricks sectors. This is more than the population of at least 160 countries around the world, or the population of a country like Zimbabwe. This figure does not include those in the informal sector in coal mining, labour involved in coal imports (at the ports or transport from ports to thermal plants), indirect activities in the iron and steel sector including third party sellers, warehousing staff, iron ore minin